The City of Dubrovnik, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979, is the jewel of Croatian tourism, sitting in the southernmost part of Croatia. It harbors centuries of heritage created by the noble skills and finest builders and artists, and became most prominent touristic destination in the Mediterranean Sea. The prosperity of the city was historically based on maritime trade, as the capital of the maritime Republic of Ragusa. During the 15th and 16th Century it became notable for its wealth and skilled diplomacy, and used to be an independent merchant republic for 700 years until Napoleon conquer the region. Dubrovnik has high education tradition which dates back to the 17th Century when Collegium Ragusinum, as a first public institution of higher education, was established.
The City itself is completed in the 13th Century and its walls remained virtually unchanged to the present days. Apart from some earthquakes that demolished its beauty, the last attacks to its Beauty were held in 1990 during the armed conflict.
The City is surrounded by the 1940m long defensive walls with only two main entrances to the old town. The most famous promenade which is called “Stradun” is surrounded with fountains, Gothic and Renaissance facades of the Sponza palace and Ducal palace, and Baroque church of St. Blasius, Jesuit College and lot of different other buildings.